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Pigeon (Columba livia) Family: Pigeons & Doves

Feral Pigeon

Pigeon Behavior

Pigeon Identification


Quick Bird Facts

  • Height: 12” - 15”
  • Weight: 10-16 ozs.
  • Life Span: 3-4 years in wild
    > 16 in captivity
  • Flight Speed: 28 - 82 mph
  • Food: Seeds, grains insects and fruits, garbage
  • Habitat: Towns, villages, parks, gardens and industrial areas - usually nests on buildings holes and crevices, in creepers, trees and bushes and also in nest boxes.

Pigeon Profile

The feral pigeon is the number one urban pest bird. Large numbers exist in every city across the country. Not a native bird, feral pigeons are descendants of domestic homing pigeons brought over from Europe and released here in the 1600s. They were domesticated from the wild rock doves from the sea cliffs of Europe by the Romans over two thousand years ago. Several traits have allowed them to dominate the urban landscape. Because of their history, pigeons are not afraid of people; they roost and nest readily in man made structures and they have a diverse diet.

Pigeons have a dark bluish-gray head, neck, and chest with glossy yellowish, greenish, and reddish-purple iridescence along its neck and wing feathers. There are two narrow black wing bands and a broad black terminal tail band. The females tend to show less iridescence than the males. The bill is dark grayish-pink.
The pigeon and dove sing a similar repetitive cooing, "coo-a-roo, coo-roo-coooo". 
Pigeon SoundHear It Now! 

Pigeon Problems

Feral pigeons are responsible for untold millions of dollars of damage each year in urban areas. The uric acid in their feces is highly corrosive. Also, debris from roosting flocks can build up, backing up gutters and drains thus causing damage to roofs and other structures. Extensive damage to air conditioning units and other roof top machinery is commonplace. Pigeon droppings deface and accelerate the deterioration of buildings and increase the cost of maintenance. Pigeon manure deposited on park benches, statues, cars, and unwary pedestrians is aesthetically displeasing. Around grain handling facilities, pigeons consume and contaminate large quantities of food destined for human or livestock consumption.

Besides physical damage, the bacteria, fungal agents and ectoparasites found in pigeon droppings sometimes represent a health risk. Large amounts of droppings may kill vegetation and produce an objectionable odor. Pigeons may carry and spread diseases to people and livestock through their droppings. They are known to carry or transmit pigeon ornithosis, encephalitis, Newcastle disease, cryptococcosis, toxoplasmosis, salmonella food poisoning, and several other diseases. Additionally, under the right conditions pigeon manure may harbor airborne spores of the causal agent of histoplasmosis, a systemic fungus disease that can infect humans. The ectoparasites of pigeons include various species of fleas, lice, mites, ticks, and other biting insects, some of which readily bite people. Some insects that inhabit the nests of pigeons are also fabric pests and/or pantry pests. The northern fowl mite found on pigeons is an important poultry pest.

Pigeons located around airports can also be a threat to human safety because of potential bird-aircraft collisions, and are considered a medium priority hazard to jet aircraft by the US Air Force.


Pigeon & Dove Control

Pigeons are not protected by Fed. Government. There are a wide variety of solutions available for handling a pigeon infestation. The best solution for pigeon problems, is complete exclusion with BirdNet netting. Many ledge and beam problems can be solved by using products such as Flock Off Gel and Flock Off" UV Paint together, Bird Stop or Bird Needle Spikes. When bird pressure is heavy in an area, exclusion work must be accompanied by flock dispersal methods like trapping or use of moving predator deterrents like the Prowler Owl and Bird Bopper visual repellent. Ultrasonic and sonic repellers are extremely effective. Shock Tape for ledges and sills is another option. Sting-'Em bird gel is an irritant sticky gel to prevent pigeons roosting on flat surfaces. Our Tweetzilla Bird Hazer is one of the most effective devices we have for repelling pigeons.

Flock dispersal alone is not a long term solution especially in medium-heavy pressure situations like when there are food/water/shelter sources at the site. One vital component to pigeon removal is to modify their habitat by eliminating food supply. Discourage people from feeding pigeons in public areas. Clean up spilled grain around elevators, feed mills, and railcar clean-out areas. Eliminate standing water.

See our complete list below of recommended bird deterrent products to repel pigeons.
To speak to a bird control professional, call BirdStoppers at 1-866-411-6287.
A "synergy" or combination of bird repellent products typically offer the most successful solution for repelling pigeons. For bird control solutions, we often recommend using companion products by combining electronic sonic repeller devices or bird hazers with visual scare deterrents, physical bird barriers or scent and taste aversion products. This kind of multi-sensory attack is extremely effective in deterring pest pigeons and doves for good!

Electronic Bird Repellers

Electronic Bird Repellers

BirdXPeller ProBirdXPeller ProSonic bird repeller emits real bird distress calls and predator sounds to scare away birds for up to 1 acre.
Broadband ProBroadband ProOffers both sonic sounds and ultrasonic pulses to evict pest birds. 3 acre coverage.
QuadBlaster QB-4QuadBlaster QB-4Ultrasonic bird repeller blast birds and bats out of semi-enclosed, indoor areas with silent ultrasonic waves.
Super BirdXPeller ProSuper BirdXPeller ProSonic bird repeller uses natural distress calls for bird control protection in large outdoor areas.
Physical Bird Barriers & Roost Inhibitors

Physical Bird Barriers & Roost Inhibitors

Bird Netting - Standard MeshBird Netting - Standard MeshStandard Mesh, 3/4" bird netting is perfect to protect areas around the home or garden from birds.
Flock Off! Bird GelFlock Off! Bird GelEco-friendly perch inhibitor for residential use makes surfaces sticky and undesirable for birds to land on. 
Flock Off! UV PaintFlock Off! UV PaintUV reflective paint creates a visually intense barrier that birds instinctively avoid.
Shock TapeShock TapeAdhesive-backed conductive tape sends a low voltage zap to stop birds from perching on surfaces.
Stainless Steel Bird SpikesStainless Steel Bird SpikesSteel bird spikes physically prevent pest birds from roosting on landing surfaces like rooftops, ledges, etc.
Sting 'Em Bird GelSting 'Em Bird GelSting 'Em Bird Gel is a roost inhibitor that makes landing surfaces sticky and irritable to pest birds. Works on many animals, too.
Visual Bird Scares & Decoys

Visual Bird Scares & Decoys

Bird BlazerBird BlazerElectronic laser bird control device covers large indoor spaces while distracting and confusing pest birds, rodents and bats.
Bird BopperBird BopperVisual bird scare, heavy-duty vinyl balloon whips around in the wind scaring off pest birds.
Flock ReflectorFlock ReflectorWind driven, visual deterrent disorients birds as it reflects light at multiple angles while it spins.
Irri-TapeIrri-TapeFoil tape repels birds with a synergy of visual, audible and physical distractions to scare them off.
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